1. Ataturk’s Mansion
Atatürk Mansion is located on the ridge of Soğuksu, which dominates Trabzon, in pine forests. Built as a summer residence by Kostantin Kabayanidis in 1890, the building, which is an ostentatious mansion, is also the place where Atatürk stayed for two nights when he came to Trabzon in 1924
Among the works exhibited in the building, which serves as a museum today, there are 344 pieces of ethnographic quality consisting of paintings belonging to Atatürk, as well as furniture, porcelain and carpets from the 19th and 20th centuries.
Atatürk Mansion visiting hours are 08.30-17.30. The mansion is open to visitors 7 days a week. Ataturk’s Mansion entrance fee is 10 TL. Museum Card is valid.
2. Trabzon Hagia Sophia Mosque
Trabzon Hagia Sophia Mosque was built between 1250-1260 as a church during the Trabzon Empire. Ortahisar Hagia Sophia Mosque, which was converted into a mosque after Fatih Sultan Mehmet’s conquest of Trabzon in 1461, is the most striking of the Young Byzantine monuments in the city.
Hagia Sophia, which is close to the coastal road in Trabzon, was converted from a mosque to a museum in 1964. Its frescoes reflecting different parts of the Bible, the representations of the 12 Apostles in between the windows, its decorations and its high dome, where the influences of Islamic art from the Seljuk Period as well as Christian art, attract attention.
Trabzon Hagia Sophia Mosque/Museum, which was reopened for worship in 2013, has been beautifully restored. In order not to damage the frescoes in the interior, a lighting system made of plexi material was installed. In this way, the frescoes, which were covered with lighting during the worship, were allowed to be seen by the visitors by closing the system.
3. Trabzon City Museum
Trabzon City Museum was opened in 2017 with the aim of being the mirror of the city, both to transfer the cultural heritage of Trabzon to future generations and to introduce it to local and foreign tourists visiting the city. It is in the center of Trabzon and transportation is very easy. Add Trabzon to your list of places to visit.
In the museum, which serves as the Central Bank in the building built in 1963, different faces of Trabzon such as chronological history, social life of the people, traditions and customs, highland culture, food, health and sports history are explained.
In Trabzon City Museum, extensive information is given about traditions, ceremonies, food culture and the historical development of many handicrafts and other professions through digital publications, interactive presentations and kiosks. Trabzon City Museum visiting hours are 08.30-17.30, 6 days a week except Mondays. Entrance fee is 10TL, student 5TL.
4. Trabzon Museum – Kostaki Mansion
Kostaki Mansion is a magnificent building built as a residence by Banker Kostaki Teophylaktos in the early 1900s (1898-1913). Since the architects are Italian, most of the materials were brought from Italy and some from Russia.
When the banker of Greek origin who built the mansion went bankrupt in 1917, all his assets were foreclosed with this building and the mansion was bought by the Nemlioğlu Family. The building, which was used as the headquarters during the years of the National Struggle, became the place where Atatürk, his wife Latife Hanım and his companions stayed during his first visit to Trabzon in 1924.
The building, which was expropriated in 1927, was used as the Government House for a while, and as the inspectorate in the following years. Today, it serves as the Trabzon Museum. The basement floor is arranged as the Archaeological Artifacts Section, the ground floor as the Mansion Display, the first floor as the Ethnographic Artifacts section and the mezzanine floor as the administrative section. The entrance fee is 10 TL.
5. Trabzonspor M. Shamil Ekinci Museum
Trabzonspor M.Şamil Ekinci Museum opened with its new name in 2011 after the Trabzonspor Museum, which was opened in 1996, was renovated. In addition to the trophies won by Trabzonspor, old jerseys, licenses, gifts from rivals encountered in European cup struggles and documents bearing traces of the club’s history are exhibited in the museum.
Trabzon M. Shamil Ekinci Museum, which may attract the attention of football lovers, visiting hours is 09.00-18.00, 6 days a week except Mondays. The museum can be visited free of charge.
6. Legal House
Kanuni Evi is the place where Suleiman the Magnificent, who was born and raised in Trabzon, lived until he was 15 years old. In the second snow of the house, wax statues of Ottoman sultans Fatih Sultan Mehmet, Yavuz Sultan Selim and Kanuni Sultan Süleyman, as well as paintings about Ottoman history, books about Trabzon and Ottoman history are exhibited.
Gülbahar Hatun Mosque is a temple that you should see close to Kanuni Evi, located in Atapark. Although it was built as a complex in its time, only the mosque and mausoleum have survived to the present day. The tombs of the bride of Fatih Sultan Mehmed and the mother of Yavuz Sultan Selim are located in the tomb.
Bedesten , located in the city center of Trabzon, is one of the oldest buildings in the city. It is known as the only example with a single dome among the Turkish Bedestens. The covered bazaar, located within the borders of Çarşı District, is thought to have been built by the Genoese in the 11th century. The building was turned into a Bedesten with the Ottoman conquest of Trabzon.
There are shops selling local products, antique shops, coppersmiths, jewelry shops, fabric shops and an authentic cafe. It is very close to Trabzon castle, after the castle you can visit Bedesten. Bedesten Bazaar, which is frequented by many people visiting Trabzon with its variety of handmade souvenirs, opens at 10.30 in the morning and closes at 22.30 in the evening.
8. Little Ayvasil Church
Küçük Ayvasıl Church (St. Anna Church) is the oldest church in Trabzon. It is known that the church, which has an architectural plan with three naves, was built by the Roman Emperor Basil I in the 9th century AD on a church located in the same place. The church, which is famous for its frescoes symbolizing the descent of Jesus from the cross, is also known for its Roman period marble reliefs.
Küçük Ayvasıl Church visiting hours are 08:00-17:00. The church is open to visitors 7 days a week. Küçük Ayvasıl Church can be visited free of charge.
9. Trabzon Castle
Trabzon Castle is located on the highest hill of the city, where you can watch Trabzon from a bird’s eye view. Trabzon Castle, which was built to prevent attacks from the sea, is in a place where you can watch both the green, the city and the rough waves in a panoramic frame.
The structure, which consists of three parts: the upper fortress, the middle fortress and the lower fortress, is surrounded by the sea on one side and greenery on the other. The building, which is estimated to have been built in the 5th century AD, managed to survive during the Roman and Ottoman periods. It can be visited without any time limit and free of charge.
Uzungöl is the symbol of Trabzon with its dense forests and natural beauty. Uzungöl, which is a natural wonder, is a place where you can find all kinds of options from bungalows to five-star accommodation, thanks to the many touristic facilities in the surrounding area, as well as hiking, cycling and camping opportunities for nature lovers.
Lying in the lush valley, the lake is one of the places that hosts the most tourists in the Black Sea Region. The sad thing is that in recent years, a very ugly construction has been going on around the lake, which does not suit the nature of this place. Compared to 10 years ago, the difference is sad. I hope some action will be taken to protect the lake before it’s too late. Uzungöl, which receives precipitation in almost every season of the year, is approximately 100 kilometers away from Trabzon city center.
11. Ayder Plateau
Ayder Plateau , Rize’s apple of the eye, its unique natural beauty. You can see every shade of green in Ayder, which is 1358 meters above sea level and surrounded by giant pine trees. This beautiful plateau, which is a must-visit for those who come to Trabzon, is unique with its nature.
There are small waterfalls, streams that have been the subject of folk songs, and a thousand and one kinds of flower and plant fauna around the plateau, which you can reach when you continue south by following the stream from the point where the Black Sea and Fırtına Creek meet.
The forested area beyond the plateau hosts the flowers that are known as the Honey Forests in the world and are the source of the world-famous Ayder Honey. Ayder Plateau is also known as Şifa Plateau, as it is considered the paradise on earth not only for its natural beauty but also for its healing air and waters.
Ayder Thermal Springs is one of the most important thermal springs in Turkey. The water of Ayder Thermal Springs, which has a temperature of 50 degrees, which comes from a depth of 260 meters and heals dozens of diseases, has also been registered with the researches of Karadeniz Technical University.
Spas provide benefits in the treatment of many ailments with sodium, calcium, magnesium, iron-aluminum, sulfate, chloride and many more minerals. In addition to joint diseases such as rheumatism and calcification, it also has therapeutic properties in skin problems such as nervous, digestive and circulatory system diseases, psoriasis and acne.
12. Sürmene Camburnu Nature Park
Sürmene Çamburnu Nature Park is located at a point where the green forest texture of Trabzon’s Sürmene district meets the Black Sea waters. Surmene Çamburnu Nature Park, which has been in the nature park category since 2011, covers an area of 51 decares.
The forest cover rising right next to the steep slopes is beautiful enough to be admired with its smell and color. There is also a beautiful beach by the sea, take your swimsuit with you. You can sit and eat or have a drink at the cafe and restaurant by the beach, the view is quite good. Activities such as photo safari and trekking are organized in the nature park, which is one of the two regions in Turkey where scotch pines can go down to sea level.
Sürmene Çamburnu Nature Park visiting hours are 08.00-19.00. Surmene Çamburnu Nature Park entrance fee is 3TL, student 1.5TL, bicycle 3TL, motorcycle 6TL, automobile 9TL. The Museum Card is not valid.
Akcaabat is the district of Trabzon, which came under Ottoman rule after the Roman Empire and was occupied by the Russians in World War I. The district, which is located 13 kilometers west of Trabzon city center and north of Maçka, is the district with the largest population.
While you’re in Akçaabat, which is famous for its meatballs and horon, be sure to stop by Sera Lake. Orta neighborhood, where you can see the typical Ottoman architecture, is very pleasant with its streets, fountains and houses reflecting the spirit of the 19th century. Sera Lake, which is 4 kilometers long in the Derecik valley, is one of the most beautiful spots in Akçabat.
14. Hidirnebi Plateau
Hıdırnebi Plateau is one of the most impressive plateaus in Trabzon and its surroundings, at an altitude of 1600 meters above sea level in Trabzon’s Akçaabat district. The sudden fog gives the plateau a fantastic atmosphere. It is easily accessible from the plateaus closest to the city center. Visitors come for trekking, photo safari, off-road and many other activities.
After the construction of bungalow houses suitable for the regional architecture with the Highland City Project, traditional highland festivals are held every year in July, where the accommodation problem is resolved. Restaurants that make lamb chops and breakfasts are also quite good. The buttered pita that came out in the morning was delicious. It is 25 km from Akcabat center and 40 km from Trabzon airport.
15. Çal Cave
Çal Cave is considered to be the second longest cave in the world. There is also a historical castle above the cave, through which a small stream flows. It is located 5 kilometers southwest of Düzköy District of Trabzon, within the boundaries of Çalköy District, at an altitude of 1050 meters from the sea.
It is thought that the cave became what it is today in 8 million years. Under the walking path inside, Çal Cave is said to be a source of healing for diseases such as asthma and sinusitis.
Maçka is one of the most important and historical districts of Trabzon. Located on the Trabzon, Gümüşhane, Erzurum highway and having an important location throughout history, Maçka is surrounded by pine forests. The district, which was under Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman rule, was occupied by the Russians in 1916.
Vazelon Monastery, located on the Gümüşhane highway, among pine forests, Kuştul Monastery located on a hill overlooking the valley in Kuştul Village, Altındere Valley National Park, Lapazan Plateau and Peristera Monastery are among the main attractions.
Hamsiköy is a collective name given to five villages located in Maçka, 1 hour away from the center of Trabzon. 50 km inland from the sea, the villages of Ciharlı, Çıralı, Güzelyayla and Dikkaya, which have nothing to do with anchovy, have a magnificent view.
Zigana Dağı eteklerinden 1600 metre yüksekteki Hamsiköy, eski otantik köy evleri ve sütlaç tatlısı ile ülkemizin ismi en çok duyulan köylerinden. Hamsiköy’de konaklayabileceğiniz yerler de var.
Hacı Osman Yayla lokantasında, köfte, kuru fasulye, pilav menüsünden sonra sütlaç yemek Hamsiköy gezisinin olmazsa olmazı. Klasik fırın sütlacı üzerinde bol fındıkla servis ediliyor. Ben fındıksız sade sütlaçı seviyorum, asıl tadını o zaman alırsınız.
Lapazan Yaylası, Maçka’da yer alan, kültürü ve doğası tamamen korunmuş, denizden yüksekliği iki bin metrenin üzerinde olan bir cennet. Alt yapısı olmayan Laplazan’a gelmeyi düşünüyorsanız, uyku setleri ve yiyecek-içecek gibi ihtiyaçlarınızı yanınıza almayı unutmayın. Çakırgöl, Sultanmurat ve Sazalan Yaylaları’nı da ziyaret edebilirsiniz.
Maçka yaylalarının başını, ilçe merkezine merkeze 22 kilometre uzaklıktaki çam ormanları ile çevrilmiş, soğuk suyu düz çimenleri ve çeşitli kokulu çiçekleri ile nefis bir doğaya sahip olan Şolma Yaylası çekiyor. Maçka’da görebileceğiniz diğer yaylalar ise, Kiraz Yaylası, Kulindağı Yaylası ve Maura Yaylası. Her yıl 7 Temmuz günü çevre yaylalar ve köylerden gelenlerle Soğuksu Şenlikleri’nin kutlandığı yayla ise Lişer Yaylası.
Vazelon Manastırı, Maçka’ya 8 kilometre uzaklıktaki Gümüşhane karayolu üzerinde çam ormanları arasında yer alan ve Sümela Manastırı’ndan farklı olarak içerisinde mağaralar ve ayazma barındıran bir yapı. Kuruluş tarihi ve kurucu belli olmayan manastırın, MS 270-317 arasında yapıldığı tahmin ediliyor.
Kuştul Manastırı, Maçka’nın Esiroğlu Beldesi Kuştul Köyü’nde bulunuyor. Vadiye hâkim bir tepe üzerinde kurulan yapı dışında, tarihi bin 400 yıl öncesine uzanan Peristera Manastırı ise Sümela gibi yine zor bir rotaya sahip.